Closure of Business
Section 8 Company (NGO) Registration
An NGO or Non-Profit Organisation operates to promote art, science, social welfare, religion, charity, sports, education, research, protection of the environment or any such other object. In India, You can register an NGO as any of the three structures viz. a. Section 8, b. Trust c. Society. Section 8 Company format of an NGO is the most popular form. Easy to register, run or manage a Section 8 Company compared to a Trust and a Society.
Not every company strives to earn profit by commencing trade; many companies primarily work on non-profit and charitable objectives. Such companies are known as Section 8 as per Companies Act, 2013. Section 8 company is one of the best Non-profit organizations (NPO) because of its systematic constitutional framework. A Section 8 company intends to “promote commerce, science, art, education, sports, research, welfare, religion, social, protection of the environment, and charity.” The members of such a legal entity don’t get any dividend. Moreover, they have to use all income and profits only for the promotion of the company’s objective.
Section 8 companies are similar to Trust or Society except for one factor that is a section 8 company register itself under Central Government’s Ministry of Corporate Affairs. In contrast to, Trust or Societies which gets registered under State Government regulations. The prescribed meaning of Section 8 Company pertains to Section 8 of Companies Act, 2013, which also supports its objective. To establish a Section 8 company, one needs to acquire the license and its essential to follow the annual compliances with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) for the smooth operation of the company.
Get your NGO registered under ideal business structure as section 8 company.
It usually takes 15 to 20 working days.
- Filing of E-forms with the Registrar of Companies (ROC)
- Digital Signature Certificates (2 nos.)
- Name approval (RUN - Reserve Unique Name)
- Filing of SPICe form
- Drafting of Memorandum of Association (MOA) & Articles of Association (AOA)
- PAN Application
- TAN Application
- Issue of Certificate of Incorporation
- Issue of Section 8 NGO license
- Includes Govt Fees & Stamp duty for Authorized Capital upto Rs. 10 Lakh
- Excludes foreign national or Foreign Body Corporate as a director OR business that need approval from RBI, SEBI or IRDA for incorporation
- A group of any number of people desirous of forming a section 8 company
- Existing registered trust
- Existing registered Society
Name approval form filing
Preparation of Incorporation Documents
Getting those docs signed by the respective stakeholders
Filing of e-Forms with ROC
Receipt of Incorporation Certificate with PAN, TAN, GST, EPF, ESI & Bank Account.
Name, Contact Number and Email Id of all the Stakeholders.
Directors Identification Number, if already.
Self Attested PAN, Aadhar & Passport size photo of all the Stakeholders.
Apostilled Passport, Mobile Bill and other KYC docs in case of NRI Stakeholder.
Latest Month Personal Bank statement of all the Stakeholders.
Specimen Signatures of all Stakeholders.
Few Proposed Business Names along with Objects.
Latest Electricity Bill/Landline Bill of Registered Office.
NOC from owner of registered office. (If Owned)
Rent Agreement from Landlord. (If Rented/Leased)
Brief description of main business activities of the proposed Company.
Shareholding pattern (50:50 or 60:40) between the Stakeholders.
Authorised & Paid Up Share Capital of the Company.
Key Features of Section 8 Company
Income and Dividends
Income or any profit from the company is to be applied in the advancement of the object of the company, i.e. to promote commerce. Arts, science, sports, research and social welfare.
Section 8 companies are also called licensed companies, as these companies need to get special approval for a license from the central government. When a section 8 company is in an incorporation process, they need to provide special licence approval to ROC.
The companies incorporated under section 8 of companies act enjoy the status of private limited or any other limited company, but the company is restricted to use words 'PVT' 'LLP' Ltd' in its suffix. The companies can also not enjoy the status of any small company.
The companies under section 8 of the companies act are not formed with the objective of earning a profit. They are established with a basic objective of furthering causes like science, culture, research and religion.
Relevance of Section 8 Company
Corporate social responsibility(CSR) is one of the main reason why section 8 companies are incorporated in India. The companies that come under the ambit of CSR have to spend 2% of their average net profit made during the last 3 years on certain activities prescribed in the act. Example of such companies is TAXAJ Foundation and Reliance Foundation.
Annual Compliances of Section 8 Company
A Section 8 company must adhere to the annual compliance levied by RoC and Income tax authorities as failure to meet the requirements can result in hefty penalties, i.e. up to 1 lakh a year. Let’s have a look at the immediate compliances that becomes applicable after registration of Section 8 company:
- Appointing an Auditor within 30 days: A Section 8 company must appoint its first Auditor within 30 days from the date company’s incorporation to take account of all the company’s financial filings yearly.
- Conduct a meeting for the Board of Directors: A Section 8 company must conduct the first Board of Directors meeting within 30 days from its date of incorporation. After that, the Board of Directors shall have one meeting within every six months of the calendar.
- An Annual General Meeting within nine months: A Section 8 company requires to have its first Annual General Meeting (AGM) within nine months from the closing date of its first financial year.
Importance of Annual Compliances
The annual compliances play a significant part in the swift functioning of Section 8 company. Here are the reasons that justify the importance of annual compliance:
- Lucidity in the company’s operations: By enumerating the filings of financial returns and annul returns, the company gets a clear picture of its financial condition, which helps in further operations of the company.
- Better credibility: When companies file compliances on time, it improves their credit. Such companies can easily avail financial help and market credit from the concerned authority.
- Builds more trust: Everyone trusts that company who displays its financial situation in detail. Filing compliance not only strengthens their credibility among everybody but also improves the company’s market value.
If a company don’t strictly follow the annual compliances of Section 8, then it might have to face some legal repercussions. Therefore, it’s advisable to fulfil the requirements of compliances on time to evade any legal complications in the future.
Advantages of Section 8 Company
A section 8 company yields an array of Advantages, unlike a Society or Trust. Following is the list of advantages for companies registered under Section 8:
- Tax Benefits: Since Section 8 companies are a non-profit organization, so they leverage the exemption from the provision of income tax. The companies also get various other tax benefits and deductions. They employ many perks under section 80G of the Income Tax Act.
- Zero Stamp Duty: A Section 8 company do not have to pay stamp duty on the AoA and MoA of the private or public limited company which other companies surely pays.
- The ease at transferring ownership/title: The limited liability companies don’t have the advantages to transfer their title or ownership, but the Income Tax Act, 1961 does not confide Section 8 companies to transfer their ownership or title thereby, enabling the transfer of both movable and immovable interest without any hurdles or restrictions.
- Minimal share capital: Unlike the other limited companies like public, private, or one person, a Section 8 company do not need much share capital to set up the entity. The members can directly use the funds from their subscriptions or donations.
- Exempted from any name: In opposes to other companies who are under obligation to use their company’s name as ‘limited company’, section 8 companies get exempted from the use of any title. Thus, they can perform their functions without updating the public about their limited liability status.
- Separate legal entity: Section 8 company has a distinct legal entity which means the company’s existence is different from its members. The company has a perpetual existence along with greater flexibility.
Disadvantages of Section 8 Company
Following are the drawbacks that every company registered under Section 8 has to bear:
- No distribution of profits: The members of a Section 8 company cannot share the profits amongst them. The profits get used only for the welfare of the company’s objective, which revolves around the advancement of art, science, commerce, sports, environmental protection and fields of such sort.
- Amendment in MOA and AOA: Such an entity cannot amend or alter the Memorandum of Association or the Articles of Association without having the approval of the Central Government beforehand.
- Zero benefits: The members of a Section 8 company gets zero benefits or any perks out of the company. They can afford to reimburse for their pocket expenses that may have occurred during the course.
- Limited objective: The central objective of Section 8 companies is to use the income and profits of the company in promoting some particular fields only and not for any other purpose.
- Multiple rules and regulations: The Central Government imposes many compliances on Section 8 companies. All the rules and regulations must include in the Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association.
Difference between Trust, Society & Section 8 Company
The following are the distinguishing points between a trust and a society:
A trust is an agreement between parties, whereby one party holds an asset for the benefit of another party. Society is a collection of persons, who come together for the initiating any literary, scientific or charitable purpose. A Section 8 Company is a non-profit enterprise associated with a commercial venture, also established for furtherance of goals similar to a trust or society.
Private Trusts are governed under Indian Trusts Act, 1882 whereas Societies are governed by the Indian Societies Act, 1860. Section 8 Companies are governed under Companies Act 2013.
A Trust has a minimum of two members, while a Society has a minimum of seven members. A Section 8 company requires two members to set up.
The root document in case of a Trust is the Trust Deed while in the case of the Society and Section 8 Company the defining document is the Memorandum of Association and Rules & Regulations.
The board of management of a trust comprises of trustees, while in a society, there is a governing body which includes the committee, trustees, council, directors, governors, etc.
The control of a single man may prevail in a trust, but a society is relatively more democratic, and consensus is needed for a resolution to pass. Section 8 company has board of directors and prevention of takeovers is easier than in a society.
The geographical area of operation of a Trust and company is all India by default whereas the Society requires an all India registration to assume country-wide operations.
Amendments can be done, in case of a Trust, via a supplementary Trust deed whereas in case of Society amendments must be made in the MoA and the Rules and Regulations. Amendments in section 8 companies must follow the directions given under companies act 2013.
Bank account operations in a Trust are controlled by one person, while in a society two persons which include the President with, either the Secretary or the Treasurer controls the bank operations.
Trustees may hold office for lifetime, whereas the members of the Society hold office for a given period and can resume after re-elections.
A Trust cannot be wound up and is thus irrevocable whereas a society can be dissolved if 3/5 of the members so desire.
Members of one family can become the Trustees of a Trust, while the Registrar objects if multiple members of one family are included in the governing body of a society.
The stated objectives of a Society have to be very specific, a Trust, on the other hand may have general stated objectives.
Why does Section 8 Company gets Tax Exemption?
The Central Government imparts many exemptions to Section 8 Company vide Ministry of Corporate Affairs Notification No. G.S.R.466 (E) dated 5th June 2015, along with amendments to the notification vide Notification No. G.S.R. 584 (E) dated 13th June 2017. The biggest reason for why Section 8 Companies get exempted from specific tax is because it exclusively works for the welfare of the public. No personal gains are involved in the operations of a Section 8 Company; therefore, it deserves to receive some added benefits in return.
Like any other company, Section 8 Company also has members and directors, but unlike others, they function more like volunteers and promoters of the social cause. The directors of such companies are mere service providers who indulge in the activities of spreading awareness about different aspects and helping the general public. In contrast to public and private companies that require capital to establish the business, the Section 8 Company depends upon the donations and not on the loans.
List of Tax Exemptions to Section 8 Company
Being a Non-Profit Organisation (N.P.O.), Section 8 Company is immune from some provisions of the income tax. Besides, they avail various other deductions and tax benefits under Section 80G of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Let’s look at the list of benefits that every Section 8 Company procures:
- Section 8 Company needs to pay less stamp duty as compared to other companies.
- Under the Income Tax Act, 1961, the donors of Section 8 Company may claim a 50% rebate against the donations they made. Under Section 80G, it shall be valid for a period of one to three years.
- The taxation over section 8 company is on par with other organisations. The profits got taxed by @30%.
- If Section 8 company got registered under section 12AA (tax exemption) of the Income Tax Act, then its profits shall be entirely exempted, and no tax will be levied on the company.
- Every year the Central Government issues some compliance to enable more favourable conditions to N.P.O.’s in terms of the tax exemption.
Besides the above perks, there is an array of benefits associated with Section 8 Company.
Frequently Asked Questions:
Q. What is Section 8 Company?
A NGO or Non Profit Organisation is an entity that operates for promotion of art, science, sports, education, research, social welfare, religion, charity, protection of environment or any such other object.
In India, an NGO can be registered as any of the three structures being Company under Section 8 of the Companies Act, 2013(section 25, companies act 1956), Trust or Society.
Section 8 Company format of a NGO is most popular form of NGO in India. It is easy to register, run or manage a Section 8 Company in comparison of a Trust and a Society.
Digital Signature is the only secure and authentic way that a document can be submitted electronically. All filings of e-forms on MCA Portal are required to be filed with the use of Digital Signatures by the person authorized to sign the documents. Under the plan you can obtain 2 class III digital signatures along with E-token, having a validity of 2 years.
In India, NGOs can be registered as Section 8 Company, trust or society. While, Trusts and Societies are registered under State Government regulations, section 8 companies are registered under Ministry of Corporate Affairs.
Forming a section 8 company is preferred due to following reasons: Improved recognition Better legal standing. Higher credibility amongst donors, Government departments and other stakeholders. Relaxation from a number of companies act regulations
The entire procedure is 100% online and you don’t have to be present at our office or any other office for incorporation. A scanned copy of documents has to be provided and our experts will carry out all registration formalities for you.
The incorporation process gets completed on obtaining the license and issue of incorporation certificate under section 8 of Companies Act 2013, (earlier section 25 of Companies act 1956). The whole process of company incorporation can be closed less than 15 days. The time taken also depends on relevant documents provided by the applicant and speed of approvals from government. To ensure speedy registration, please pick a unique name for the proposed Company and make sure you have all the required documents prior to starting the registration process.
Q. What are the key features of a Section 8 Company?
The key characteristics of an NGO section 8 company are:
Object: *It operates for common welfare of masses at large, for promotion of commerce, art, science, sports, education, research, social welfare, religion, charity, protection of environment or any such other object.
Profit Earning: *The objective is not to earn profit. If any profit is earned during course of its operation, the same is not to be shared among owners/members rather utilised for attaining the objects for which NGO was formed.
Utilisation of funds and earnings: *The profits, if any, or other income is used towards promoting of specific objects of NGO. Further there is restriction on declaration of profits as dividend to members.
Q. What are the minimum requirement to form Section 8 Company?
» Minimum two shareholders;
» Minimum two Directors (Directors and shareholders can be same person);
» At least one Director shall be resident in India; No Minimum capital required;
» Income-tax PAN is a mandatory requirement in case of Indian nationals;
» Any one of the Identity Proof (Voter ID/Aadhar Card/Driving License/Passport);
» Passport is mandatory requirement for proof of identity in case of foreign nationals;
» Any one Proof of Residence (Electricity Bill/Telephone Bill/Mobile Bill/Bank Statement);
» Registered Office address proof (rent agreement along with latest rent receipt and copy of latest utility bill in the name of landlord and a no objection certificate from the owner of the premises, in case the premises are rented), In case the premises are owned by a Director and Promoters, any documents establishing the ownership such as Sale Deed/House Tax receipt etc along with the no objection certificate.
Q. What are additional requirement to form Section 8 Company?
Multiple forms need to be filed to apply for license. The most important form is eForm INC 12 (for issuance of license under section 8 of the Companies Act, 2013). This application shall be accompanied by:
» Memorandum & Articles of Association of the proposed company;
» A declaration confirming the application by a Company Secretary in Practice on the Non – Judicial stamp paper of prescribed value;
» List of names, descriptions, addresses & occupation of the promoters as well as Board Members of the proposed company;
» A statement showing details of assets and liabilities of the company as on date with the application;
» An estimate of future annual income and expenditure of the proposed company, specifying the source of income and object of expenditure;
» A statement giving brief description of work, if any, already done by the association;
» A statement specifying briefly the grounds on which the application is made;
» A declaration in prescribed form on non – judicial stamp paper by each person making an application;
» A letter of authority;
» Payment of prescribed fee Looks like too much effort? The whole process will be carried out online. You just need to upload the required documents on our encrypted Document vault and our experts will take care of all formalities for you.
- Will there be a need for any other special registration required?
In addition to registration, a non-profit engaged in certain activities might also require special license/permission. Some of these include (but are not limited to):
- A place of work in a restricted area (like a tribal area or a border area requires a special permit – the Inner Line Permit – usually issues either by the Ministry of Home Affairs or by the relevant local authority (i.e., district magistrate).
- To open an office and employ people, the NGO should be registered under the Shop and Establishment Act.
- To employ foreign staff, an Indian non-profit needs to be registered as a trust/society/company, have FCRA registration and also obtain a No Objection Certificate. The intended employee also needs a work visa.
- A foreign non-profit setting up an office in India and wanting staff from abroad needs to be registered as a trust/society/company, needs permission from the Reserve Bank of India and also a No Objection Certificate from the Ministry of External Affairs.
- Under this plan ClearTax will help you register your NGO as a section 8 company. Our customer support will help you connect with an expert who shall advise you on applicability of other registration required. The additional registrations services(such as shop & establishment act registration etc) shall not form part of the plan and will be charged separately.
- What is the government fee applicable for Section 8 company (NGO) registration?
Below are the charges applicable for DIN, DSC and other government forms:
- DIN- Director Identification Number (2 No.): Rs. 1000
- DSC-Digital Signature Certificate (2 Nos): Rs. 4000
- RUN Form (Name Approval): Rs. 1000
- INC 12 Form (Registration under section 8): Rs. 2000
- AoA-Article of Association: Rs.1000 (up to Rs.10 lakh of authorized capital)
- MoA-Memorandum of Association: Rs.5000
- I and my partner are both directors and shareholders in our company. We wish to bring in two additional shareholders as well. Is that covered in the package?
- Our company would like to bring in a foreign citizen as a director. Is this covered in your package?
To bring in additional director, you need to secure digital signature (DSC ).
- Click here to purchase digital signature
Only passport of the foreign director is required. In some countries, residency certificate will be provided. These need to be submitted for the application. Any incidental charges here is not covered in the package.
- Click here to purchase digital signature
- Our company would like to bring a non-resident Indian as a director in the company. Is this included in the package?
To bring in additional director, you need to secure two digital signature (DSC)
If the individual is residing outside India at the time of the application, then he or she needs to get the PAN, Aadhaar, current address (in the country of residence), permanent address attested by Indian embassy in that country. Any incidental charges here is not covered in the package.